Flora and Fauna
The Goldfields region boasts 12 existing and proposed nature reserves, with a combined area of 8 million hectares. An incredibly high number of bird species flourish here, as well as the threatened Bilby (or Rabbit-eared Bandicoot), Cuditch, Mallee Fowl, Scarlet Chested Parrot, Sandhill Dunnart and Mulgara. The inhabitants of the area include ornate lizards, Emu, Echidna, Carpet Pythons, Honey-eaters, Yellow Throated Miners, Rainbow Bee-eaters and wild Budgerigars.
First time visitors to the Goldfields often find themselves astounded at the diversity and beauty of the region's flora and fauna. In recent times biogeographers have divided Australia's land mass into 80 distinctive biogeographic regions, two of which regions converge in the Goldfields - Coolgardie and the Murchison regions. Both are equally fascinating but very different.
The Coolgardie region is characterised by eucalypt woodland, while acacia (or mulga) woodlands dominate the Murchison. The transitional zone (Goongarrie region) is something of an environmental hot spot, being an interface between the two regions, which features flora and fauna that are a blend of both regions
The remarkable fact is that the majority of today's woodlands around Kalgoorlie and Coolgardie are actually regrowth - generally less than 100 years old in most areas due to clear felling for fuel between 1900 - 1965. In the pioneer decades huge quantities of wood was needed for firing boilders that powered mine sites, generated electricity, pumped water, condensed salt water into fresh water, and for the lining of many shafts and tunnels burrowed into the landscape. By 1904 500,000 tonnes of wood was being felled annually - with most feeding into Kalgoorlie Boulder's Golden Mil